pthread&thread

  1. 线程创建
    1. pthread
    2. thread
  2. 互斥锁
    1. pthread
    2. thread
  3. 信号量
    1. pthread
    2. thread

线程创建

pthread


void* Func(void* arg)
{
    return nullptr;
}
void PthreadLinux()
{
    pthread_t thread1; // 存储线程标识

    pthread_attr_t thread1_attr;
    pthread_attr_init(&thread1_attr);

    pthread_create(&thread1, &thread1_attr, Func, nullptr); // 使用指定属性初始化线程
    // pthread_create(&thread1, nullptr, Func, nullptr); 使用默认属性初始化线程
    printf("thread1-%d\n", thread1); // 1

    pthread_join(1, nullptr);
}

thread

void* Func(void* arg)
{
    return nullptr;
}

class Foo
{
public:
    void Bar(){printf("bar\n");};
};

void PthreadCpp()
{
    std::thread thread1(Func, nullptr);
    thread1.join();

    Foo foo;
    std::thread thread2(std::bind(&Foo::Bar, &foo));
    thread2.join();

    std::thread thread3([&foo](){
        foo.Bar();
    });
    thread3.join();
}

互斥锁

pthread

pthread_mutexattr_t mutex_attr;
pthread_mutex_init(&mutex, &mutex_attr);
pthread_mutex_lock(&mutex);
pthread_mutex_unlock(&mutex);
pthread_mutex_destroy(&mutex);

thread

void Foo()
{
    {
        std::mutex mutex1;
        std::lock_guard<std::mutex> lock_guard(mutex1);
    }
}

信号量

pthread

thread

std::mutex condition_mutex;
std::condition_variable var;

void ConditionCpp(int id)
{
    std::unique_lock<std::mutex> unique_lock(condition_mutex);
    var.wait(unique_lock);
    sleep(2);
    printf("ConditionCpp id : %d\n", id);

    unique_lock.unlock();
    var.notify_one();
}

void ConditionCpp1()
{
    std::vector<std::thread> threads;
    threads.reserve(5);

    for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i)
    {
        threads.emplace_back([i]()
        {
            ConditionCpp(i);
        });
    }

    var.notify_one();

    int i = 0;
    while (i < 5)
    {
        for (auto& thread : threads)
        {
            if (thread.joinable())
            {
                thread.join();
                i++;
            }
        }
    }
}

// ConditionCpp id : 0
// ConditionCpp id : 1
// ConditionCpp id : 2
// ConditionCpp id : 3
// ConditionCpp id : 4

// Process finished with exit code 0

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